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Vestibular, Balance and Fall Prevention

Physical therapy can help improve stability and reduce fall rates.

Our ability to maintain balance is achieved through input from multiple sensory systems (visual, vestibular and somatosensory) into the brain. This information must be delivered to the brain, processed, a response delivered from the brain to the muscles. When this process is dysfunctional, individuals may experience dizziness, imbalance or falls.


Physical therapy can help to determine if any of these systems are dysfunctional and provide exercises to reduce symptoms and improve stability. In fact, physical therapy has been shown to reduce fall rates in elderly persons from over 40% to 19%. These clients also had 4 times lower risk for fractures.*

Common conditions we treat:

  • Age-related dizziness and imbalance

  • Vertigo

  • BPPV

  • Trauma

  • Concussion

  • Inner ear problems

  • Acoustic neuroma

  • Fall risk and fall prevention

* Kim H, Yoshida H, Suzuki T. Falls and fractures in participants and excluded non-participants of a fall prevention exercise program for elderly women with a history of falls: 1-year follow-up study. Geriatrics Gerontology International 2014;14: 285-292.

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